IRISK FACTORS AND MAGNITUDE OF OSTEOPOROSIS AMONG |ATTENDANTS AT BANHA UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL
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IBackground and objective: This work was conducted among three hundred and twenty attendants of the outpatient clinics in Banha University IHospital, with ages >40 years, they were selected by systematic random sampling to clarify the magnitude of osteoporosis and its associated risk •factors. Methods: Anthropometric measurements were done for each subject including: weight, height and BMI [Wt (Kg) / ht (m2)]. Also, bone density Iwas measured using the densitometry, Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry ^(DEXA) scan for spines, hip and forearm at wrist joint was done for each _subject. \Results: This research revealed that the prevalence of osteoporosis was 69.4% among the attendants and it increased significantly with increasing age I(P<0.001). Osteoporosis was significantly more prevalent among females •(81.2%) than males (45.8%) (P<0.001). Also, it was more encountered among _subjects with low-weight (<60 Kg), height (>170cm) and low BMI (<25 g Kg/m2).The results illustrated that the significant life style and dietary risk factors of osteoporosis were: sedentary life, smoking, excessive tea and coffee Iintake and low milk consumption. Hypertension, rheumatoid arthritis, calcium and vitamin D deficiency and using corticosteroids were the medical risk factors associated significantly with osteoporosis (PO.001). Late menarche, I .. postmenopausal •> 5 years and never using hormonal contraceptive or replacement therapy were the significant evident reproductive risk factors •among females in this study.