HUMAN AND ANIMAL CRYPTOSPORIDIOSIS IN QALYOBIA GOVERNORATE, EGYPT
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A total of 330 stool samples from children less than 6 years of age from different areas in Qalyobia Governorate were examined for cryptosporidiosis. Stool samples were subjected to the direct wet smear method and Sheather's sugar flotation and stained with Modified Ziehl-Neelsen. The infection rate was 15.56% & 17.9% in children with diarrhea and those in contact animals, respectively. The main clinical presentation of diarrheic children was vomiting (27.3%) and loss of weight (18.2%). There was a relation between feeding habit and cryptosporidiosis, where the infection rate was none among breast feed child with statistical significant differences and 7% St 3% among artificially feed child with diarrhea and those in contact with animals, respectively. Samples from water supplies of different areas showed an over all infection rate of 45.33% with C. parvum oocyts. The infection in animals was 20.0% in sheep. 22.5% in buffaloes, 23.7% in cows and 25.9% in goats. The epidemiology of cryptosporidiosis was discussed.