CULICINES IN ENDEMIC AND NON ENDEMIC FILARIASIS AREAS IN DAKAHLIA GOVERNORATE
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Cala pipiens is very common and distributed allover Egypt. In some areas, it acts as an intermediate host for filariasis and thus seriously affecting human health. In some other areas, however, these insects survive in appreciable numbers but with focal distribution in certain villages without extending to others. In the present study, female adult culicines collected during one year (15 bed rooms in each site) from Meet Badr Khamees were 45 C pipiens, 121 C antennatus, 280 C univittatus and 20 Aedes caspius. From Mansoura, 38 C pipiens, 102 C antennatus, 227 C univittatus and 11 Aedes. From Talkha, collection was done from 3 villages, Batra, Manshat El-Badawy and El-Manial (5 bedrooms in each village); the mosquitoes collected were 62 C pipiens, 138 C antennatus, 295 C univittatus and 28 Aedes. Three villages from Meet Ghamr were included, Sahragt, Damas and Koum EINour. The mosquitoes collected were 170 C pipiens, 92 C antennatus, 240 C univittatus and 22 Aedes. The most abundant type collected was C univittalus followed by C antennatus and C Aliens and the least type was Aedes caspius Outside collection revealed that male/female ratios regarding C pipiens, C univittatus, C antennatus and Aedes ranged between 72.5% to 82%; 68.9% to 75.6%; 73.5% to 79% and 57% to 68% respectively in different sites. Only one female C pipiens revealed infection with filarial larvae (L3) after dissection of thoracic muscles, from Meet Ghamr (Koum El- Nour village). Aedes caspius was found to be the least species in indoor collection and the most abundant in outdoor resting habitats.