AXIALLARY BRACHIAL PLEXUS BLOCK WITH CLONIDINE OR VERAPA1VIIL
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The ability of a2-agonists to enhance central and peripheral neural blockariP, when added to local anesthetic, has been demonstrated for more than a decade. Calcium ions also have an important role in the analgesia mediated by local anesthetics, and clinical investigation have shown that veraparnil can potentiate the analgesic effect of local anesthetics. Seventy five unpremedicated patients ASA physical status I or II undergoing upper extremity surgery received cvcaillary brachial plexus block with 40 ml lidocaine 1.5% solution. Patients were randomized to 3 groups. Group 1 (control group) received only 40 ml of 1.5% lidocaine solution. Group 2 (clonidine group) received 40 ml 1.5% lidocaine solution to which 150 ug clonidine was added. Group 3 (verapamil group): received 40 ml 1.5% lidocaine solution to which 2.5 mg verapamil was added. Onset of sensory block, duration of anesthesia and analgesia were recorded. Postoperatively patients rated their pain on integer verbal pain score (0-10) at 1 , 3. 6. 12 and 24 hour. Postoperatively patients were instructed to take paracetamole (500 mg increments every 6 h up to 4 gm / day) when pain score exceeded 3. The onset of sensory block was similar among the three groups. Duration of sensory anesthesia was significantly increased P<0.01 in group (3) compared to group (1). The duration of analgesia significantly increased in group (2) P<0.01 compared to group 1 and 3.