Furlow's Double Z-Plasty Is a Convenient Procedure for Cleft Palate Repair
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Aim: The present study aimed to evaluate and compare the surgical outcome of Von Langenbeck and Furlow's procedures for repair of primary cleft palate. Patients & Methods: The study included 22 children with mean age of 16.53.1 months allocated into 2 equal groups: Group A underwent Von Langenbeck procedure and Group B underwent Furlow's procedure. Von Langenbeck palatoplasty involved elevation of large mucoperiosteal flaps from the hard palate and side-to-side approximation of the cleft margins of both soft and hard palates with detachment of the levator muscles from their bony insertions and the use of long relaxing lateral incisions without lengthening maneuver. Furlow's procedure involved Z-plasty incision with the cleft is the central limb, lateral limbs end over the hamuli, transposition of the posteriorly based nasal Zpiasty flap brings the palatal muscle posteriorly and across the cleft, insetting the anteriorly based Zplasty flap closes the front of the soft and hard palates. Then, oral Z-plasty flaps were transposed to overlap the palatal muscles creating a palatal muscle sling. The cleft width, length increase in the soft palate, length of Z-plasty, the frequency of the need for hamulus fracture, duration of surgery and intraoperative blood loss were recorded. The postoperative distance between last molar tooth and the uvula was determined and compared versus preoperative one.