Assessment of clinical competence is of great importance when evaluating the expected learning outcomes of nursing education. Therefore it is challenging to have such an objective assessment tool to comprehensively assess students’ clinical competencies especially with increased students’ number. Using the right method of evaluation plays a considerable role in getting the appropriate result and making the right judgment. Aim of this study was to compare between objective structured clinical examination versus traditional clinical examination on the achievement of medical surgical nursing students. Methods: quasi-experimental deign was adopted. Implementation of the Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) was carried out on 114 students enrolled in the academic year 2016-2017, faculty of nursing, Benha university, Tools of this study consists of two tools: The first tool was consisted of the demographic characteristics of studied sample and assessment of their knowledge and practice regarding a selected group of skills including oxygen therapy, advanced cardiopulmonary resuscitation and endotracheal tube suction. The second tool was concerned with assessment of staff and students' perception regarding the OSCE attributes, the quality of OSCE performance, as well as OSCE scoring and objectivity. Results of The current study pointed out that, the comparison between OSCE versus traditional method of evaluation revealed higher mean OSCE scores. The highest rate of satisfaction belonged to OSCE methods of evaluation as reported that OSCE was fair, helped in developing student' confidence, provided opportunity to learn real life scenario, also OSCE highlighted areas of students' weakness in skills and knowledge, provided true measure of essential clinical skills and was objective than the traditional method. Conclusion: OSCE can be used most effectively in nursing undergraduate curricula to assess safe practice .Therefore it is recommended that OSCE should be adopted as a strategy for examining clinical skills for students in all levels.
Key Words: OSCE, Traditional Method, Students’ Achievement.