In this paper, the effects of different widths and lengths of collar around bridge abutment
on local scour depth are studied numerically and experimentally. Numerical simulation of scour
hole evolution at bridge abutment is more convenient than the experimental modeling, because
the computational cost and time have significantly decreased. The numerical model solves 3-D
Navier–Stokes equations and bed load conservation equation. The k–e turbulence model is used
to solve the Reynolds-stress term. The simulated results are verified using the laboratory experiments.
In addition, the multiple linear regressions are applied to correlate the maximum local scour
depth with the other independent parameters. It was found that the relative length of collar 0.73
around bridge abutment reduces the maximum scour depth by 69% compared to no-collar case.
Moreover, the results of 3-D numerical model and regression models agree well with the experimental