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Dr. Ameer Ahmed Abd-Elhameed Megahed :: Publications:

Title:
Evaluation and Comparison of 2 On-Farm Tests for Estimating Somatic Cell Count in Quarter Milk Samples from Lactating Dairy Cattle
Authors: Sahar Kandeel; Ameer Megahed; F.K. Arnaout; Peter D Constable
Year: 2018
Keywords: California mastitis test; DeLaval cell counter; Intramammary infection; Somaticell test
Journal: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Volume: 32
Issue: 1
Pages: 506-515
Publisher: Not Available
Local/International: International
Paper Link:
Full paper Ameer Ahmed Abd-Elhameed Megahed_Evaluation and Comparison of 2 On-Farm Tests for Estimating Somatic Cell Count in Quarter Milk Samples from Lactating Dairy Cattle.pdf
Supplementary materials Not Available
Abstract:

BACKGROUND: The somatic cell count (SCC) is commonly used to monitor udder health and diagnose subclinical intramammary infection (IMI) in dairy cattle. HYPOTHESIS: The Somaticell test (ST) and California mastitis test (CMT) are clinically useful cow-side tests for diagnosing subclinical IMI. ANIMALS: One hundred and eleven dairy cows at dry-off and 92 cows within 4-7 days postcalving. METHODS: Quarter foremilk samples were obtained and analyzed with a DeLaval cell counter (DCC, reference method), ST, and CMT. The ST was run in a simulated cow-side manner using milk at 37°C instead of 0-8°C as recommended by the manufacturer. Test performance for diagnosing IMI (DCC SCC >200,000 cells/mL) was evaluated by calculating the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) and the kappa coefficient (κ) at the optimal cut-point for each test. The effect of milk/reagent temperature also was evaluated. RESULTS: Compared to the reference method, the ST run in a simulated cow-side manner had an AUC = 0.68 and κ = 0.24 at dry-off, and AUC = 0.74 and κ = 0.40 in fresh cows. The CMT performed much better than the ST in diagnosing subclinical IMI with AUC = 0.88 and κ = 0.77 at dry-off, and AUC = 0.87 and κ = 0.76 in fresh cows. The measured ST value decreased with increasing temperature of the milk/reagent mixture. CONCLUSIONS/CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: The ST is optimized for use on milk at 0-8°C and is therefore designed for on-farm use on refrigerated milk samples. The ST is not suited for use as a cow-side screening test for IMI because the milk temperature exceeds the recommended range for the test.

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