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Ass. Lect. Hayat Mohamed Mohamed Abd-El Gaffar Fayed :: Publications:

Title:
clinical, hematobiochemical and histopathological changes in goats with surgically-induced unilateral hydronephrosis.
Authors: Ghanem, M. M.1, Hayat Fayed1, Abdel-Raof, Y. M.1, El-Attar, M. M.1 and Al-Akraa, A. M.2
Year: 2015
Keywords: Ureter, ligation, hydronephrosis, kidney, goats
Journal: Benha veterinary medical journal
Volume: Not Available
Issue: Not Available
Pages: Not Available
Publisher: Not Available
Local/International: Local
Paper Link: Not Available
Full paper Hayat Mohamed Mohamed Abd-El Gaffar Fayed_clinical, hematobiochemical and histopathological changes in goats with surgically-induced unilateral hydronephrosis.pdf
Supplementary materials Not Available
Abstract:

This study aimed to evaluate the clinical, haematobiochemical and histopathological changes in goats with surgically induced unilateral hydronephrosis. To achieve this aim eight male castrated goats were divided into two groups. Group A (animals with surgically-induced unilateral hydronephrosis) in which goats were subjected to ligation of the right ureter for 42 days and group B (sham-operated). Clinical examination and haematobiochemical analysis were performed before and after induction (on days 1, 7, 14, 21, 28, 35 and 42). Histopathological examination of kidneys was carried out at the end of the study. On the 1st day goats with unilateral hydronephrosis showed depression, arched back, decreased appetite. After that, these clinical signs were ameliorated and the animals restored their apparent health condition. PCV%, Hb content and RBCs count increased during the early periods of the study then returned gradually to normal level by the end of the study. WBCs count was significantly increased allover the time of the study. Significant increase of serum urea, creatinine, uric acid and calcium levels during the early period of the study then gradually decrease. Albumin and total proteins levels were initially decreased but were restored by the end of the experiment. Post-mortem examination of affected kidneys showed dilatation of renal pelvis and calyces with severe atrophy of the parenchyma. Histopathological examination of affected kidneys revealed severe cystic dilatation of renal tubules and intertubular connective tissue proliferation. We concluded that unilateral hydronephrosis produced significant changes during the early stage which were gradually restored owing to the compensatory activities of the contralateral kidney.

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