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Ass. Lect. Marawan Adel Marawan Basuony :: Publications:
Toxicity and growth inhibition potential of vetiver, cinnamon, and lavender essential oils and their blends against larvae of the sheep blowfly, Lucilia sericata
|Authors:||Hanem F. Khater1, PhD, Ali M. Ali2, PhD, Galal A. Abouelella3, BSc,Marawan A. Marawan4, PhD, Marimuthu Govindarajan5, PhD, Kadarkarai Murugan6, PhD, Rao Z. Abbas7, PhD, Nelissa P. Vaz8, PhD, and Giovanni Benelli9, PhD|
|Full paper||Marawan Adel Marawan Basuony_khater et al. 2017 Toxicity and growth inhibition potential of vetiver%2c cinnamon%2c.pdf|
|Supplementary materials||Not Available|
bstract Background Myiasis induced by the sheep blowfly, Lucilia sericata, represents a public health problem widely distributed throughout the world. L. sericata larval stages feed on both humans and animals. L. sericata adults and larvae can play a role in spreading agents of mycobacterial infections. Objectives It is critical to establish new and safe alternative methods of controlling L. sericata. Methods The insecticidal effectiveness and growth inhibition potential of three commercially available essential oils (EOs), vetiver (Chrysopogon zizanioides), cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum), and lavender (Lavandula angustifolia), as well as their blends, were tested against the second (L2) and third (L3) larval stages of L. sericata. Sunflower (Helianthus annuus) oil was used as a carrier and tested on L2 and L3 larvae. To the best of our knowledge, all applied essential oils, except lavender, and oil blends were tested against L. sericata for the first time. Results All applied oils did not repel L2 from the treated liver but adversely affected their development. Contact treatments on L. sericata L3 indicated that vetiver and cinnamon oils significantly affected treated larvae. Total mortality rates were 93.33 and 95.56%, respectively. Furthermore, oil blends tested through contact assays killed larvae when used at higher concentrations; adult emergence was eliminated post-treatment with doses >30% for oil blend 1 and >10% for oil blend 2. Conclusion Overall, cinnamon and vetiver oils (5%) were selected as reliable and cheap biopesticides for controlling larvae of L. sericata. The tested oils are inexpensive and represent new promising botanical insecticides in the fight against blowflies causing myiasis.