Irrigation water is considered an important role in agriculture and therefore increased attention in recent to know about the quality of water used in irrigation plants. In this study twenty six water samples were collected representing four different sources for irrigation in some regions of Kalliobeya Governorate, Egypt i.e. Fifteen samples from canals, nine samples from wells, one sample from agricultural drain and one sample from sewage water. Different tests have been conducted and include salinity (EC, TDS, TH) as well as sodciety and alkalinity (pH, SSP, SAR, Adj SAR, RSC, Mg ratio) and Heavy metals ( Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn, Ni, Pb, Cd, Co, B, Cr ). The values ranged EC 0.42 to 2.30 dSm–1 , TDS 227.00 to 1472 mgL–1 ,and TH 110.00 to 500.00 mgL–1 , pH 7.12 to 8.20, SSP4.67 to 56.70 % , SAR 0.15 to 6.24 , Adj SAR 0.25 to 12.42, RSC-45.00 to 0.20 , Mg ratio 8.82 to 48.38% , according to the above mentioned parameters and system of University of California Committee of Consultants waters of canals was considered suitable for irrigation, however waters of wells in some location i.e. Kom El-Samn and El-Baradaa, also waters of El-Gabel El-Asfar drain were considered unsuitable. The concentration of heavy metals in all studied water samples were within the recommended range except cadmium (Cd) that exceeded the recommended limit (0.01 mgL-1). It is clear that soils irrigated with sewage water in El-Gabel El-Asfar had a slight change in its texture from sand to loamy sand. This may be attributed to long term effect of sewage water used for agriculture for several years. This water is distinguished with high content of organic matter that altered soil texture. On the other hand, there were no effects of canals, wells and agriculture drainage waters on soil texture. Results showed that soil irrigated with sewage water has a decrease in its bulk density due to increasing soil organic matter content that has a reverse relation with bulk density.
The soil irrigated with sewage water has a decrease in its particle density due to increasing soil organic matter content that has a reverse relation with particle density. Changing soil texture from sand to loamy sand in soil irrigated with sewage water had a positive effect on saturation percent. There were notable effects for irrigation water on some soil properties such as pH, EC, soluble ions and exchangeable cations. The high values of these parameters in irrigation water the high estimation of such properties in soils.