Abstract Aim: This study aimed to assess the effect of Mg2+ therapy in improving ROTEM and
total blood products requirement during liver transplantation.
Patients and method: The study includes 30 patients suffering from end-stage liver disease with
MELD (model for end-stage liver disease) classification ranging from 15 to 24. The patients were
divided into two equal groups: Group I: The patients were given placebo (100 mL) normal saline
(NS). Group II: The patients were given 2 g Mg in 100 mL NS.
Results: In group II significant decrease in CT (clotting time) in EXTEM (which evaluates the
extrinsic pathway after addition of tissue factor), INTEM (which evaluates the intrinsic pathway
after contact activation), APTEM (assess fibrinolytic pathway) and FIBTEM (assess fibrinogen
level after tissue factor activation), decrease in clot formation time (CFT) in EXTEM, increase
a-angel (the angle determined from the reaction time to the inflection point of the amplitude of
the forming clot), in INTEM and FIBTEM and increase A10 (clot strength after 10 min) EXTEM,
FIBTEM and APTEM in comparison with group I.
* Corresponding author. Address: Benha University Hospital, Farid
nada st, Benha, Qalubia, Egypt. Tel.: +20 1002953928.
E-mail address: email@example.com (A.M. AbdEl-Azim).
1110-1849 ª 2012 Egyptian Society of Anesthesiologists. Production
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Peer review under responsibility of Egyptian Society ofAnesthesiologists.
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Egyptian Journal of Anaesthesia (2012) 28, 101–105
Egyptian Society of Anesthesiologists
Egyptian Journal of Anaesthesia