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Dr. Prof. Mohamed Mahmoud Moustafa Kandiel :: Publications:

Ovarian Follicular Dynamics and Hormonal Changes in Goats during Early Pregnancy.
Authors: Kandiel MM, Watanabe G, Abdel-Ghaffar AE, Sosa GA, Abou-El Roos ME, El-Azab AE, Li JY, Manabe N, Taya K.
Year: 2010
Keywords: Not Available
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Local/International: International
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The present study was conducted to characterize follicular development and its hormonal control during early pregnancy in goats. The ovaries of goats (n=8) were scanned daily for follicles (> or = 2 mm in diameter) and corpora lutea by transrectal ultrasound with blood sampling from the jugular vein for monitoring the hormonal changes during the first thirty- five days after mating. During early pregnancy, three (37.5%), four (50%) and one (12.5%) goat showed nine, eight and seven waves of follicular development, respectively. The corpora lutea were detected as early as Day 3.61 +/- 0.45 (7.47 +/- 0.43 mm) of pregnancy (Day 0=day of mating) and attained their maximal cross-sectional diameter (10.64 +/- 0.37 mm) on Day 25.7 +/- 0.8 of pregnancy, respectively. A transient rise in FSH levels was temporally associated with the day of follicular wave emergence (up to three days prior to wave emergence). The plasma LH and estradiol levels were negatively correlated with the progesterone concentration. The rise in plasma immunoreactive (ir) inhibin levels was negatively correlated with the FSH concentration and positively correlated with the number of large-sized follicles. Alternatively, the mean plasma ir-inhibin levels showed a noticeable decline with the progression of pregnancy. The present results demonstrated that follicular development during early pregnancy shows a wave-like pattern, with seven to nine waves developing until Day 35 after breeding, and that the number of follicular waves can be predicted by the number of FSH peaks. The current study also demonstrated that the role of inhibin as an FSH regulator is maintained throughout early pregnancy.

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