Mental toughness is having the natural or developed psychological edge that enables you to:
• Generally cope better than your opponents with the many demands (e.g., competition, training, lifestyle) that are placed on you as a performer
• Specifically, to be more consistent and better than your opponents in remaining determined, focused, confident, resilient, and in control under pressure
These attributes include self-belief, an unshakeable focus, high levels of desire and determination (especially at times of distress), and overall consistency of effort and technique despite life and sport stresses. The strength of their research is that multiple components of mental toughness are identified – thus reinforcing the notion that mental toughness is multidimensional. Unfortunately, the definition presented remains inadequate in that it describes what mental toughness allows one to do, rather than defining mental toughness itself.
During the past decade, there has been a resurgence of interest in the self that has focused on the study of individual differences as well as developmental change. Much of this work can be subsumed under the rubric of the "self-concept," where there has been a proliferation of theoretical and methodological activity, leading to a growing body of empirical evidence on the self. The aim of the following study is to reveal effectiveness of mental toughness training on Elite Athlete Self-Concept and record Level of 800m running, fifty runners participated in this study (mean +/- SD age, 19 +/- 3.1 years), divided into (2) group (experimental group -25 runners) and (control group -25 runners) from the army club , the experimental group participated in the mental toughness program to 3 times per week for (3) months . the Elite Athlete Self Description Questionnaire (EASDQ) instrument was designed to measure six physical self-concept factors: Skills; Body; Physiological Competence (aerobic); Physiological Competence (anaerobic); Mental Competence; and Overall Performance. The control group participated only in the traditional program only , The adapted questionnaire will be referred to as the Elite Swimmers Self Description Questionnaire (ESSDQ) (modified to athletics). And Psychological Performance Inventory (PPI) Loehr (1986) to measure the mental toughness , The tests was measured before and after the mental toughness program, Statistical analysis of the results was carried out with the use of SPSS software. The results indicated that , improvement significantly for factors of Elite Athlete Self Description Questionnaire (EASDQ) instrument after the mental toughness program ,and the researchers founded relationship between Elite Athlete Self Description Questionnaire (EASDQ) instrument And Psychological Performance Inventory (PPI) , no improvement in record Level of 800m running , These data show that mental toughness program which suggestion from the researchers was affectedness on Elite athletics Self Description, but failed to improve performance level of 800m running.