Psycho educational Intervention Program for Relapse Prevention among Schizophrenic Patients
Background: Schizophrenia is a chronic illness that is often characterized by periodic relapses and incomplete remissions. Aim of the study: This study aimed to develop psycho educational program for prevention of relapse among the schizophrenic patients and evaluate the effectiveness of the psycho educational program on the prevention of relapse among the schizophrenic patients. Sample: This study used a convenience sample of 60 schizophrenic patients (15 female and 45 male). Setting: This study conducted at Psychiatric & Mental Health Hospital at Benha City. Tools for data collection: data were collected by using two tools: Structured interview questionnaire schedule concerning knowledge about schizophrenia and relapse and Drug Attitude scale (DAI-30). Results the findings demonstrated that the studied schizophrenic patients had severe lack of knowledge about schizophrenia and relapse and non-compliant with medication before program implementation. There is a highly significant differences between patient’ s knowledge before, immediately and three months after program implementation. There is a highly positive correlation between knowledge about relapse and schizophrenia and attitude toward drug compliance. Conclusion: Psycho education is an effective tool in improving patient's knowledge about schizophrenia and relapse and in improving compliance to medication. The study recommended that psychoeducational sessions should be involved in the daily patient`s treatment program of the schizophrenic patients even 10 minutes per day, family education about the patient`s illness, medication and methods of dealing with warning signs of relapse will be more effective.
Key words: Schizophrenia, Relapse prevention, Psychoeducation, Nursing, Benha.
Naglaa Fathi Mohammed El Attar