In Egypt, there are about 0.63 million hectares (1.5 million Feddans) cultivated area with rice each year. This results in nearly 4 million tonnes of rice straw. In this study, two methods of rice straw picking up were evaluated under field conditions using a rectangular baler. These include the mechanical picking up at three forward speeds and manual picking up at three feeding rates after harvesting with and without combine, respectively. Measurements were taken for field topography after harvesting, straw
moisture content. Fuel consumption, baler productivity, bale density, baling power, and
the total cost of baling were determined for the two picking up methods. Results indicted
that the most favorable conditions in terms of the lowest baling power and the total cost of baling were obtained with mechanical picking up after harvesting with combine at 4 km/h forward speed. There were also significant differences between picking up methods and the baler productivity, bale density, and the fuel consumption of the baler.