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Dr. Ahmed Esmael :: Publications:

Antimicrobial activity of certain natural-based plant oils against the antibiotic-resistant Acne bacteria
Authors: Ahmed Esmael, Mervat G. Hassan, Mahmoud M. Amer, Soheir Abdelrahman, Ahmed M. Hamed,Hagar A. Abd-raboh, Mohamed F. Foda
Year: 2020
Keywords: Acne vulgarisMultidrug-resistant bacteriaNatural oilEgyptMinimum inhibitory concentrationGC–MS
Journal: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Volume: 27
Issue: 1
Pages: 448-455
Publisher: Elsevier
Local/International: International
Paper Link:
Full paper Ahmed Esmael_2019, Acne bacteria. Saudi Journal.pdf
Supplementary materials Ahmed Esmael_2019, Acne bacteria Sup. Saudi Journal.docx

The unceasing emerging of multidrug-resistant bacteria imposes a global foremost human health threat and discovery of new alternative remedies are necessity. The use of plant essential oil in the treatment of many pathogenic bacteria is promising. Acne vulgaris is the most common skin complaint that fears many people about their aesthetic appearance. In this work we investigated the antibacterial activity of some plant oils against acne-inducing bacteria. Three bacterial isolates were identified from Egypt, biochemically and by means of 16s rRNA gene typing, and were designated as Staphylococcus aureus EG-AE1, Staphylococcus epidermidis EG-AE2 and Cutibacterium acnes EG-AE1. Antibiotic susceptibility test showed resistance of the isolates to at least six antibiotics, yet they are still susceptible to the last resort Vancomycin. In vitro investigations of eleven Egyptian plant oils, identified tea tree and rosemary oils to exhibit antibacterial activity against the antibiotic-resistant acne isolates. Inhibition zones of 15 ± 0.5, 21.02 ± 0.73 and 20.85 ± 0.76 mm was detected when tea tree oil applied against the above-mentioned bacteria respectively, while inhibition zones of 12.5 ± 1.5, 15.18 ± 0.38 and 14.77 ± 0.35 mm were detected by rosemary oils. Tea tree and rosemary oils exhibited bacteriostatic and bactericidal activity against all the strains with MICs/MBCs ranging between 39-78 mg/L for tea tree oil and 39–156 mg/L for rosemary oil. All the isolates were killed after 4 and 6 h upon growing with 200 mg/L of tea tree and rosemary oils, respectively. Additionally, gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC/MS) profiling identified and detected a variable number of antimicrobial compounds in both oils.

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