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Prof. Ayman Mohamed Rashad Elshehaby :: Publications:

Assessment of cartographic potential of EgyptSat-1 satellite image (case study in flat areas)
Authors: Ayman Rashad Elshehaby & Lamyaa Gamal El-deen Taha
Year: 2011
Keywords: EgyptSat-1 . Mapping . Positional accuracy . Information content . Two-dimensional transformation
Journal: Applied Geomatics
Volume: Not Available
Issue: Not Available
Pages: Not Available
Publisher: Springer
Local/International: International
Paper Link: Not Available
Full paper Not Available
Supplementary materials Not Available

Egypt has launched its first Earth remote sensing satellite EgyptSat-1 in 2007. A series of evaluations of the usefulness and limitations of EgyptSat-1 images for different applications are required. This research is concerned with the investigation of the geometric and cartographic potential of EgyptSat-1 image in order to know to what scale EgyptSat-1 image is suitable for map production and map updating. The geometrical accuracy of rectification of EgyptSat-1 based on non-parametric rectification (polynomial approach and rubber sheeting) has been evaluated. Four methods of rectification have been compared: different orders of 2D polynomials (first-order polynomial, second-order polynomial, third-order polynomial) and rubber sheeting method. Different sets of ground control points (observed with differential global positioning system) have been tested. Several experiments were performed to rectify EgyptSat-1 image using the four rectification methods. For each method, different numbers of ground control points (GCPs) were used starting at 15 points, and then the number was reduced each time till the minimum number of GCPs for each method is reached and with three different GCP distributions. Various issues such as the solutions, feasibility, accuracy, and requirements for control information are addressed. The results show that rubber sheeting followed by third-order polynomial then second-order polynomial then first-order polynomial gives the best root mean square error. Actually, a serious mapping should be based on a satisfying by the theory justified mathematical model so that rubber sheeting should not be used for a serious mapping even it shows smaller discrepancies, but for the flat test area, an approximate 2D transformation can be accepted. Also although third-order polynomial is accurate in the proximity of GCPs and shows smaller discrepancies compared to the first- and the secondorder polynomials, they can lead to significant errors for regions outside the GCP range and should not be used for a serious mapping. One can be considered the best resulted rectified image that obtained from second-order polynomial followed by the first-order polynomial. It was found in our study area that the minimum number of control points for each method gives accuracy better than a pixel. The firstorder polynomial and rubber sheeting are good from the economical cost that they use minimum number of control points (three). It was found that the planimetric accuracy of rectified EgyptSat image met the 1:25,000 mapping standard (National Map Accuracy Standards). Also from the assessment of the information content of the EgyptSat image, it was found that it is consistent with the map scale of 1:25,000. In conclusion by analysis of the results, it is obvious that EgyptSat images are able to produce and update map of scale 1:25,000.

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