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Dr. Rasha Mohamed Mostafa El-Meihy :: Publications:

Title:
Phylogenetic Diversity of Trichoderma Strains and Their Antagonistic Potential against Soil-Borne Pathogens under Stress Conditions
Authors: Omar A. Hewedy, Khalid S. Abdel Lateif, Mahmoud F. Seleiman, Ashwag Shami, Fawziah M. Albarakaty, Rasha M. El-Meihy
Year: 2020
Keywords: Trichoderma; antagonism; RAPD; SSR; TEF1 sequencing; phosphate solubilization; diversity
Journal: Biology
Volume: 9
Issue: 189
Pages: 1-20
Publisher: MDPI
Local/International: International
Paper Link: Not Available
Full paper Rasha Mohamed Mostafa El-Meihy_24 MDPI biology 2020.pdf
Supplementary materials Not Available
Abstract:

Trichoderma species are known as excellent biocontrol agents against soil-borne pathogens that cause considerable crop losses. Eight strains of Trichoderma were isolated from five Egyptian regions. They identified based on translation elongation factor-1α (TEF1) sequencing as four different Trichoderma species: Trichoderma asperellum, Trichoderma harzianum, Trichoderma viride, and Trichoderma longibrachiatum. Optimal growth conditions (temperature and media), and the phosphate solubilization capability of Trichoderma strains were evaluated in vitro. Further, the ability of these strains to antagonize Fusarium solani, Macrophomina phaseolina, and Fusarium graminearum was also evaluated. The results revealed that Trichoderma harzianum (Th6) exhibited the highest antagonistic ability against F. solani, M.phaseolina and F. graminearum with inhibition rates of 71.42%, 72.97%,and84.61%,respectively. Trichodermaviride(Tv8)exhibitedthelowestantagonismagainstthe same pathogens with inhibition rates of 50%, 64% and 69.23%, respectively. Simple-sequence repeats (SSRs) and random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers were used to evaluate the genetic variability of the Trichoderma strains. The results revealed that of 45 RAPD amplified bands, 36 bands (80%) were polymorphic and of SSRs amplified 36 bands, 31 bands (86.11%) were polymorphic. The amplification of calmodulin and β-1,3-endoglucanase was noted at 500 bp and 230 bp, respectively. Data indicated that T. viride (Tv8) had the highest phosphate solubilization index (10.0 mm), while T. harzianum(Th6) had the lowest phosphate solubilization index(4.0mm). Inconclusion,T.harzianum (Th6) had the highest antagonistic activity in dual culture assay along with the growth rate; while T. viride (Tv8) had the highest phosphate solubilization activity. There are still gaps in obtaining new formulations, selecting potent Trichoderma strains to confirm disease control in planta. For improving Trichoderma recommendation in the organic agricultural system and sustaining the fertility of the soil, the field application of highly antagonistic biocontrol agents in different types of soil and plant species will be the first approach toward bio-pesticide treatments along with bio-fertilizer inoculation. Furthermore, secondary metabolites will be investigated for the most promising strains with the combination of different pathogens and application timing.

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