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Dr. Gehan Abd-el-Rahman Ahmed Hamdy :: Publications:

Experimental Investigation for Masonry Vaults/Walls Strengthened Using Different Techniques
Authors: Tarek S. El-Salakawy, Osama A. Kamal, Osama. R. El- Hariri and Gehan A. Hamdy
Year: 2014
Keywords: Strengthening; FRP; steel reinforcement; ferro-cement; unreinforced masonry. masonry walls; vaults.
Journal: International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology (IJCIET)
Volume: 5
Issue: 12, December 2014
Pages: 354-365.
Publisher: Not Available
Local/International: International
Paper Link:
Full paper Gehan Abd-el-Rahman Ahmed Hamdy_2014-IJCIET-Experimental Investigation for Masonry Vaults Walls Strengthened Using Different Techniques.pdf
Supplementary materials Not Available

Unreinforced masonry is the construction system of most of historic structures and a considerable percentage of existing residential buildings in Egypt. One of the important disadvantages of unreinforced masonry construction is its low resistance to tensile stresses and lateral loads, so there is frequently need for appropriate strengthening for such structures. Fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composites have been successfully applied as externally bonded reinforcement for strengthening of reinforced concrete and masonry structural elements as well. Their excellent strength-to-weight ratio and easy installation make them an attractive alternative for traditional strengthening methods. This paper presents experimental investigation of strengthening masonry walls and vaults using FRP composites, as well as other traditional methods such as steel reinforcement bars, ferrocement layers and polymer mortar layers. The experimental program is explained and the maximum capacity and failure mode associated with each strengthening technique are presented and compared. The experimental results showed that FRP gave higher strengthening level and better failure mode than using traditional steel reinforcement bars or ferro-cement layers. Use of glass fiber composites makes it also as cheap as other techniques. Using polymer mortar was the least effective technique. Also, strengthening of masonry wall specimens using confining FRP layer was found to be a very efficient method, where the failure load was double that of the unstrengthened specimens.

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