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Dr. Hassan Mohamed Hassan :: Publications:

Towards Benthic Habitat 3D Mapping Using Machine Learning Algorithms and Structures from Motion Photogrammetry
Authors: Hassan Mohamed, Kazuo Nadaoka, and Takashi Nakamura
Year: 2020
Keywords: machine learning algorithms; benthic 3D mapping; towed underwater video camera; hybrid classifiers; structure from motion
Journal: Remote Sensing
Volume: 12
Issue: 1
Pages: Not Available
Publisher: MDPI
Local/International: International
Paper Link:
Full paper Not Available
Supplementary materials Not Available

The accurate classification and 3D mapping of benthic habitats in coastal ecosystems are vital for developing management strategies for these valuable shallow water environments. However, both automatic and semiautomatic approaches for deriving ecologically significant information from a towed video camera system are quite limited. In the current study, we demonstrate a semiautomated framework for high-resolution benthic habitat classification and 3D mapping using Structure from Motion and Multi View Stereo (SfM-MVS) algorithms and automated machine learning classifiers. The semiautomatic classification of benthic habitats was performed using several attributes extracted automatically from labeled examples by a human annotator using raw towed video camera image data. The Bagging of Features (BOF), Hue Saturation Value (HSV), and Gray Level Co-occurrence Matrix (GLCM) methods were used to extract these attributes from 3000 images. Three machine learning classifiers (k-nearest neighbor (k-NN), support vector machine (SVM), and bagging (BAG)) were trained by using these attributes, and their outputs were assembled by the fuzzy majority voting (FMV) algorithm. The correctly classified benthic habitat images were then geo-referenced using a differential global positioning system (DGPS). Finally, SfM-MVS techniques used the resulting classified geo-referenced images to produce high spatial resolution digital terrain models and orthophoto mosaics for each category. The framework was tested for the identification and 3D mapping of seven habitats in a portion of the Shiraho area in Japan. These seven habitats were corals (Acropora and Porites), blue corals (H. coerulea), brown algae, blue algae, soft sand, hard sediments (pebble, cobble, and boulders), and seagrass. Using the FMV algorithm, we achieved an overall accuracy of 93.5% in the semiautomatic classification of the seven habitats.

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