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Dr. Hytham Ahmed Abd El-Ghany Mohammed :: Publications:

Joint Experiments on X-ray / Particle Emission from Plasmas Produced by Laser Irradiating Nano Structured Targets
Authors: H. Hegazy(1)* , S. H. Allam(2), S. Chaurasia(3), L. Dhareshwar(3),Th. M. El-Sherbini(2), H.-J. Kunze(4), G. Mank(5), D. H. McDaniel(6),M. Rosinski(7), L. Ryc(7), B. Stewart(8), J. Wolowski(7),H. Abd El-Ghany(9), G. Abd El-Latif(2), F. M. Abd El-Rahi
Year: 2008
Keywords: Laser produced plasma; laser ablation; nano stracture
Journal: American Institute of Physics
Volume: 996
Issue: 1
Pages: 243-350
Publisher: AIP publishers
Local/International: International
Paper Link:
Full paper Hytham Ahmed Abd El-Ghany Mohammed_full.pdf
Supplementary materials Not Available

The 1st Joint (Host Laboratory) Experiment on laser plasma involving more than twenty scientists from eight countries has been carried out at the Laser and New Materials Laboratory, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Egypt. It was co-ordinated by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and supported through the IAEA and the ICTP (International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste). The main experimental programme was aimed at characterising the possible enhancement of x-ray and particle emission from plasmas produced by laser incidence on nano-structured targets. Laser beams at 1.064 m of 250 mJ and 532 nm of 165 mJ focused at the target surface using a nanosecond laser type Quantel were used in the present study. In the present experiments nano-copper structures evaporated onto copper bulk disks and nano-gold structures evaporated onto gold ones were used. The thickness of the nanomaterials on their bulk material was 1 m. An ion collector and x-ray semiconductor diode were used to study the ion and x-ray emission, respectively. Both were positioned at the same port at 90o with respect to the target surface and at 90 cm from the surface in the case of the ion collector and 55 cm in the case of the x-ray detector. These experiments were performed at vacuum pressures of (5 - 8) x 10-6 mbar. Comparison of both studies in the case of nano structured targets and bulk targets were performed at different laser fluencies (1x 109 – 1x1012 W/cm2) on the target. A 20% increase of the X-ray emission for nano gold with respect to bulk gold was observed, however, the x-ray emission in the of nano copper and copper was the same.

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