Back ground: Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt is one of the most commonly performed procedures by a neurosurgeon. It is occasionally fraught with the most bizarre complications . Shunt infection in hydrocephalus patients is the most important complication and causes a severe, even life-threatening complication.
Objectives: To evaluate outcome of insertion of antibiotic impregnated shunt (AIS) catheter compared to non-AIS catheter for treatment hydrocephalus (HCP) in neonates.
Patients & Methods: Prospective part of the study (Group A) included 50 patients fulfilling the diagnostic criteria for HCP and assigned to receive AIS catheter. The retrospective part included 50 n patients age- and gender-matched patients underwent non-AIS catheter for treatment of HCP. Study outcomes included rates of catheter-related infection (CRI) and revision surgery (RS) for CRI.
Results: Sixteen patients required RS for CRI; 3 in group A and 13 in group B with significantly lower frequency in group A. Frequency of patients required early RS was significantly lower (p