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Dr. Mamdoh Mohamed Maghazy Hallol :: Publications:

Andronicus I Comennos And Struggling for Byzantine Throne (1152-1185 A.D)
Authors: Mamdouh Hallol
Year: 2014
Keywords: Not Available
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Local/International: International
Paper Link: Not Available
Full paper Mamdoh Mohamed Maghazy Hallol_Andronicus I Comnenus.pdf
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One of the most strangest factual stories along the Byzantine history is that of Andronicus I Comnennos’ to reach the throne of the Byzantine State. This is simply because it abounds in over-authority ambitious attempts, conspiracies and conflicts with cunning, diplomatic and violent attitudes. All these attempts strongly reveal how the man suffers to reach his destination. This paper endeavors to show how the physical conflict between Andronicus I Comnennos and Manuel I, in their childhood and youth, is transformed into a political one. A conflict that affects both the Byzantine State in general and Andronicus I Comnennos in specific. At the outset of the current research, Andronicus I Commennos’ psychological motivations for throne are discussed. The historical background of the family’s aspiration for power and particular that of his father serves greatly this point. And how Andronicus I Comnennos suffers, imprisoned and exiled to reach his goal. These opposing circumstances deepen his personal hatred not only for his cousin but for all the members of his cousin’s family as well. Furthermore, these circumstances also stand strongly behind murdering all the members of Manuel’s family one after another especially after the death of Manuel, the emperor. Additionally, the researcher refers to Andronicus I Comnennos’ efforts to persuade public opinion to be a mutual governor and the other being Alexios II. Then, how he became the only emperor after getting rid of Alexios II. Both internal and external obstacles confronting Andronicus I Comnennos are analyzed with an elaboration to show how they contribute to lessen the positive results of his efforts. Consequently, they show how such deterioration leads to his downfall at the end. The researcher concludes with how the tragic ending of Andronicus I Comnennos really suits his violence and aggression against his enemies. Therefore, the tragic downfall of the empire immediately after his death and under the weak re1ign of Angelos became a logical outcome. These facts lead the Latins to invade the empire under what is known historically as “the fourth Crusade Campaign” in 1204 A.D.

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