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Dr. Amal Abdel Aziz Abdel salam Ahmed :: Publications:

Effect of Educational and Exercise Program on Blood Glucose Level Among Pre-diabetic Obese Children
Authors: Mohamed O.Khalil1, Amal A. Abd –El Salam2, Seham M.Abd- El Aziz3
Year: 2016
Keywords: Not Available
Journal: Not Available
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Local/International: International
Paper Link: Not Available
Full paper Amal Abdel Aziz Abdel salam Ahmed _diabetes .pdf
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The pre-diabetes stage is the period before the onset of type II diabetes, but not all children in the pre-diabetes stage suffering from type II diabetes. Childhood obesity has been linked with type 2 diabetes. These diseases can decrease the life expectancy of the child. Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate effect of educational and exercise program on blood glucose level among pre-diabetic obese children. Research design: Quasi-experimental design was used to complete this study. Settings: This study was conducted in the classrooms in governmental schools at Benha city, the schools were named; Ibn Khaldun, El-Emam Mohamed Abdou, Hoda Shaarawy and Benha modern school. Sample: Convenient sample of (100) students. Tool: Tool was used to collected the study data: An interviewing questionnaire was used to collected data which include five parts: Personal characteristics of studied children, children's knowledge about pre-diabetic stage, children's knowledge about obesity, children's knowledge about diabetes mellitus and children physical examination. Results: The mean age of studied children was11.37±2.41 years and 56% of children were females, same percentages were engaged in preparatory education and 55% living in urban areas. More than half of children had poor knowledge in preprogram implementation. However, after the application of the programs, majority of children had good knowledge. There were statistically significant differences between children’ knowledge in the preprogram and post program. Conclusion: This study concluded that, children in pre-diabetes period their knowledge was upgrading after implementation of the health education program were improved especially for diet, obesity and personal hygiene, exercise, laboratory examination and physical examination. Meanwhile, there were improvement in blood sugar level, blood pressure and decrease body weight as compared to preprogram. Recommendation: the study recommended that, further research to be carried out about causes of prediabetes in children because diabetes has become a major public health problem in Egypt.

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