Azar AT and Serrano FE (2015). Design and Modeling of Anti Wind Up PID Controllers. In: Q. Zhu, A.T Azar (eds.), Complex system modelling and control through intelligent soft computations, Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing, Vol. 319, pp 1-44, Springer-Verlag, Germany. DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-12883-2_1
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In this chapter several anti windup control strategies for SISO and MIMO systems are proposed to diminish or eliminate the unwanted effects produced by this phenomena, when it occurs in PI or PID controllers. Windup is a phenomena found in PI and PID controllers due to the increase in the integral action when the input of the system is saturated according to the actuator limits. As it is known, the actuators have physical limits, for this reason, the input of the controller must be saturated in order to avoid damages. When a PI or PID controller saturates, the integral part of the controller increases its magnitude producing performance deterioration or even instability. In this chapter several anti windup controllers are proposed to eliminate the effects yielded by this phenomena. The first part of the chapter is devoted to explain classical anti windup architectures implemented in SISO and MIMO systems. Then in the second part of the chapter, the development of an anti windup controller for SISO systems is shown based on the approximation of the saturation model. The derivation of PID SISO (single input single output) anti windup controllers for continuous and discrete time systems is implemented adding an anti windup compensator in the feedback loop, so the unwanted effects are eliminated and the system performance is improved. Some illustrative examples are shown to test and compare the performance of the proposed techniques. In the third part of this chapter, the derivation of a suitable anti windup PID control architecture is shown for MIMO (multiple input multiple output) continuous and discrete time systems. These strategies consist in finding the controller parameters by static output feedback (SOF) solving the necessary linear matrix inequalities (LMI’s) by an appropriate anti windup control scheme. In order to obtain the control gains and parameters, the saturation is modeled with describing functions for the continuous time case and a suitable model to deal with this nonlinearity in the discrete time case. Finally a discussion and conclusions sections are shown in this chapter to analyze the advantages and other characteristics of the proposed control algorithms explained in this work.